Caldecott Recreation Ground

A large ‘ring ditch’ – a circular mark visible in the grass – has been photographed from the air here. It is probably the site of a Bronze Age barrow (burial mound). It has not been excavated.

Other features are also visible on aerial photographs here, but the date of these is uncertain.

‘Ring ditch’, probably the site of a Bronze Age barrow (burial mound) on Caldecott Recreation Ground. (c) AAAHS

Red Lion, Vineyard

Archaeological observations were made when new houses were built on the site of the Red Lion pub in the Vineyard. Bronze Age pits, medieval rubbish pits and quarry pits, and the back wall of a post-medieval building were recorded. The building, which would have fronted onto the Vineyard, had a possible industrial hearth.

Rye Farm, Andersey Island

Three ‘ring ditches’, probably the sites of Bronze Age barrows (burial mounds) and part of a square or rectangular enclosure which may be Roman, along with other features, have been seen as cropmarks just south of Rye Farm on Andersey island. They have not been excavated.

These features are visible on the ‘Satellite View’ map layer, as dark marks in the crop.

A ‘ring ditch’ (the dark ring in the crop), the site of a Bronze Age burial mound near Rye Farm. (c) AAAHS

South of the Vineyard

Oxford Archaeology excavated six areas before redevelopment of sites in the Vineyard. Discoveries included traces of an Iron Age settlement, Roman burials, medieval rubbish pits and property boundaries, and three large ditches which were part of a defence from the English Civil War in the 1640s.

Cowley Concrete, Radley Road

A Bronze Age pottery ‘Beaker’ was found in a gravel quarry at Cowley Concrete Ltd in 1937. Three Bronze Age skeletons were found about 100 yards away in the following year. The Beaker is now in the Ashmolean Museum.

Radley Road

A Bronze Age pottery ‘collared urn’ was found, close to a skeleton, in a gravel quarry on Radley Road in 1863. Other skeletons, and ancient ditches, were also found. The exact location is now unknown, but it may have been in the vicinity of Galleyfields. The urn is now in the British Museum.

Twickenham House

Early Bronze Age pottery, traces of Iron Age occupation, an early Roman building, and medieval and later pits and refuse dumps were found in an excavation in the gardens of Twickenham House in 1987.

Human bones which may have been anatomical specimens belonging to a 19th century surgeon who had lived there were also found.

Dunmore Road

An Iron Age and Roman farm was excavated before a housing estate was built here.

A minor Roman road, heading towards the centre of Abingdon, was also found, as well as some Bronze Age pits.

Abingdon Multiplex

A Neolithic long barrow and several Bronze Age round barrows, known from aerial photographs, were investigated in trial trenches.

The work was done as part of plans for a multiplex cinema next to Marcham Road Tesco, but the multiplex was never built.

The dark circles in the crop are ‘ring ditches’, the sites of Bronze Age barrows (burial mounds). The Neolithic long barrow is the pair of dark marks close to the A34, on the left of the photo. (c) AAAHS

Barrow Hills

One of the most important excavations in Abingdon took place in the early 1980s at what is now Gardiner Close and Eason Drive.

A Neolithic barrow, several Bronze Age barrows and burials, a Roman cemetery and an Anglo-Saxon village were excavated. Some of the earliest metal objects from the British Isles (three small copper rings, dated to about 2500 BC), was found in this work.